The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 and amendments imposes penalties on employers who knowingly hire or continue to employ persons who are not authorized to work in the United States. IRCA generally requires employers to have all employees hired after November 6, 1986 complete Section 1 (Employee Information and Verification) of Form I-9 no later than the first day of employment (i.e., the first day of paid work); review documents that establishes an employee's identity and work eligibility within three business days of the first day of employment; and to complete Section 2 (Employer Review and Verification) of Form I-9 within three business days of the first day of employment. Employers must maintain a properly and fully completed Form I-9 on file for all current employees, and for the duration of a required retention period for all separated or departed employees.2 The failure to properly and fully complete and maintain a Form I-9 on file may result in significant civil penalties, including fines ranging from $110 to $1,100 per Form I-9.



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